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Boletín del Consejo Mexicano de Ciencias Sociales

martes 28 de junio de 2022 por Ana Lara

Diplomado de Divulgación de las Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, 3a edición

Presentación El conocimiento tiene entre sus objetivos la construcción de soluciones. Así, a través de la investigación rigurosa, los científicos sociales aportan información precisa, perspectivas diversas y argumentos sustentados, todos útiles para establecer continuidad y viabilidad en el desarrollo de una comunidad. Los resultados de esa laudable labor deben estar a disposición de públicos amplios, […]
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Maestría en Sociología 6ta promoción

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En: 1 Avisos y Eventos Generales

Reviving the bracero program is the wrong answer for workers, by David Bacon

martes 28 de junio de 2022 por Ana Lara

By David BaconThe Nation, 6/23/22

Ninety-six years ago, J.W. Guiberson, a San Joaquin Valley cotton grower, explained a primary goal of the country’s biggest agricultural interests. «The class of labor we want,» he said, «is the kind we can send home when we get through with them.»

For 22 years, during the era of the bracero program (1942-64), growers had exactly what Guiberson wanted. According to immigrant rights pioneer Bert Corona, braceros were brought from Mexico «to serve as cheap labor and to be used against the organized labor movement in the fields and the cities.» Growers brought hundreds of thousands of contract laborers from Mexico every year-until Cesar Chavez, Ernesto Galarza, Larry Itliong, Dolores Huerta, and others activists organized to halt the program at the height of the civil rights movement.

More than half a century later, however, little has changed. Not only is the bracero program not dead; President Biden wants to use its modern iteration to channel migration from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. At the Summit of [some of] the Americas in Los Angeles earlier this month, Biden warned the hundreds of thousands who cross the border with Mexico every year: «We need to halt the dangerous and unlawful ways people are migrating…. Unlawful migration is not acceptable.»
Biden’s plan: «to help American farmers bring in seasonal agricultural workers from northern Central America[n] countries under the H-2A visa program to improve conditions for all workers.»

The idea, however, that this modern-day bracero program will improve conditions for workers was contradicted by Biden’s own Labor Department. In November 2021 the US Attorney in Georgia filed a case against 24 growers and labor contractors for abusing H-2A workers. The complaint included two deaths, rape, kidnapping, threatening workers with guns, and growers selling workers to each other as though they were property.

For decades the H-2A program has abused migrants, pitting them against workers in the United States in a vicious system to keep wages low and grower profits high. Its record includes several deaths. In 2007, when Santiago Rafael Cruz was sent by the Farm Labor Organizing Committee to fight corruption in H-2A recruitment in Mexico, he was tortured and murdered in his office, undoubtedly by recruiters. His murderers were never caught. In 2018 Honesto Silva, an H-2A worker, died in a Washington State field as he labored in extreme temperatures, unable to refuse a foreman’s demand that he continue working. When his coworkers protested, they were deported-the fate that hangs over all H-2A workers who assert their rights.

In a nationwide rash of Covid deaths among these euphemistically called «guest» workers, two died at the Gebbers Farm in eastern Washington last year-Juan Carlos Santiago Rincon from Mexico and Earl Edwards from Jamaica. They were victims of crowded barracks that spread the virus. Growers, however, successfully lobbied the state to continue housing workers in rooms with bunkbeds, where they were unable to socially distance.

To fend off challenges that the administration is pumping new workers into a program with a record of abuse, the administration promises «guidelines on recruitment.» These will be drafted in cooperation with Walmart, «which notes the importance of H-2A migrant workers to US agriculture and that the fair recruitment guidance aligns with the company’s own expectations around responsible recruitment. [from a White House Fact Sheet].»

In reality, enforcement of criminally weak protections for H-2A workers is virtually nonexistent. In 2019 the Department of Labor punished only 25 of the 11,000 growers and labor contractors using the program. Last year, growers were certified to bring in 317,619 H-2A workers. That is over 13 percent of the farm workforce in the United States-and a number that has doubled in just five years, and tripled in eight. In states like Georgia and Washington, this program will fill the majority of farm labor jobs in the next year or two. There is no way this program can grow at this rate without forcing from their jobs the farmworkers who already live in the US, over 90 percent of whom are immigrants themselves. In fact, a long string of legal cases documents the supposedly illegal displacement.

During the summit debates, another caravan of migrants from Central America moved through Mexico, dramatically underscoring the reality that migration is a fact of economic life, and will not soon stop. It is a legacy of colonialism, and now empire.

The North American Free Trade Agreement, for instance, allowed Archer Daniels Midland and Walmart to profit by taking over Mexico’s market in corn and other goods. Three million corn farmers in southern Mexico became displaced migrants as a result.

Political intervention reinforces this inequality. Honduran President Miguel Zelaya was ousted and flown out of the country after he proposed mild reforms, like raising the minimum wage. The United States was involved, Hondurans charged. It’s no wonder that Xiomara Castro, newly elected Honduran president and Zelaya’s wife, declined to come to Los Angeles to talk about the waves of migrants that left her country in the coup’s aftermath. Haiti’s former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide, twice elected and twice deposed (once flown out of the country in a US plane) was not in Los Angeles either. Meanwhile, this administration has put over 20,000 desperate Haitians on planes back to Haiti in forced «repatriations.» Now US economic warfare will produce even more migration from the countries excluded from the summit.

Yet thousands of immigrants, settled into communities across the United States, have become active partisans of social and economic change. We celebrate May Day now because huge immigrant marches in 2006 rescued the holiday from its Cold War deep freeze. Many unions are growing after making alliances with this immigrant worker upsurge. And when the pandemic made labor dangerous in lettuce fields and meatpacking plants, Mexican immigrants went to work despite their fears.

Displacing them now is bitter thanks. Growers argue they need H-2A recruitment because they face a shortage of farmworkers, yet resist desperately the obvious step of raising wages for families whose income currently averages less than $25,000 per year. The H-2A program’s supposed wage floor, the «Adverse Effect Wage Rate,» actually functions as a ceiling on farmworker wages. If local workers demand more, they risk replacement.

Ramon Torres, president of Washington State’s new union for farmworkers, Familias Unidas por la Justicia, asks, «Who do growers think was harvesting their fruit all those years before H2-A? They’ve displaced many local people in Yakima who used to work in the apple harvest. But their longtime workers are still here, and would come back, especially if the wages are good and there’s a union.»

The UFW said it was proud to be included in the administration plan «to improve H-2A worker protections in response to vigorous advocacy by the UFW and others,» according to president Teresa Romero. «The UFW fights for every worker, union or non-union, regardless of immigration status-including the H-2A workers currently protected by UFW contracts…. The best way to improve conditions is by covering farm workers under union contracts through bona fide unions such as the UFW, FLOC, and Familias Unidas.»

Some farmworker unions, like Familias Unidas, call for ending the H-2A program entirely, while at the same time helping workers currently on H-2A visas when they go on strike or protest bad conditions. The union won its first contract at Sakuma Farms, in part, by defeating the company’s effort to replace striking members with H-2A workers. To the UFW’s Romero, however, «there is no realistic expectation Congress will end the H-2A program. But reducing H-2A worker abuses through efforts like this pilot program will also raise standards for domestic workers.»

All farmworker unions agree that US farmworkers need higher wages and organizing rights. Today migrant pickers still sleep in cars during the grape harvest, just as they did when Depression-era photographers took pictures of migrant camps. The 1965 Delano grape strike and the organizing drives of the ’60s and ’70s started to attack that poverty. Ending the bracero program was as necessary to winning that fight as ending the H-2A program is to ending farmworker poverty today.

Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador campaigned for office by promising Mexicans he’d defend their right to stay home, to not migrate. In his inaugural speech he praised the 24 million Mexicans living in the United States for sending $30 billion a year home to their families, calling them victims of failed neoliberal economic policies. «We will put aside the neoliberal hypocrisy,» he promised. «Those born poor will not be condemned to die poor…. We want migration to be optional, not mandatory, [to make Mexicans] happy where they were born, where their family members, their customs and their cultures are.»

Yet recently the Mexican government also seems to be buying the labor scarcity story. In February of 2021 President Lopez Obrador announced that he would propose a work visa program to recruit 600,000-800,000 migrants annually from Mexico and Central America to work in the US. «We can regulate and order the flow of migration, because the workforce is needed,» he said in September. While he refused to attend the summit, he will meet Biden in July, bringing with him proposals for restructuring migration from Mexico.

Evy Peña, communications director for the Centro de los Derechos de Migrantes, pointed out that AMLO’s position is contradictory. «One the one hand, he said he would push for a model based on human rights. On the other, he mentioned the bracero program,» she wrote in an editorial for Mexico’s Reforma.

If the Mexican government wants to protect the human rights of migrants, the H-2A visa program is not the solution. An H-2A visa ties migrants to their employers and employment status. Growers recruit them and send them home when the harvest is done-or if they go on strike or protest against mistreatment. Instead, migrants need visas that give them the ability to bring families and belong to the communities around them, that recognize their labor rights, and that provide the benefits their wage deductions pay for, especially Social Security. Visas with rights are much more like the normal residence visa.

Biden and Lopez Obrador both claim concern for the Mexicans already living in the United States, especially the 2 million workers whose labor makes US agriculture possible. Over half, according to the Department of Agriculture, lack legal immigration status. While comprehensive immigration reform bills, with their tortuous paths to legal status and heavy enforcement provisions, have failed repeatedly, many immigrant rights campaigners propose a simpler solution. They advocate changing the so-called «registry date,» which refers to the date of arrival in the US. Undocumented people who have arrived before this date can apply for legal status. If the current date of January 1, 1972, were advanced to the present date, all people without papers would be able to apply.

A bill to abolish the H-2A program and put in place a system providing residence visas to work-seekers, combined with changing the registry date, would need congressional action to modify the 1929 Registry Act. But Democrats still control Congress, and the proposal’s simplicity makes it a better vehicle for campaigning than an expanded bracero program.

Those who doubt its political viability might recall that the civil rights movement didn’t just end the bracero program. It won a better immigration system that didn’t funnel cheap labor to growers but instead gave immigrants residence visas, encouraged family reunification, and ended racial preferences that discriminated against immigrants of color. Ending the bracero program set the stage for the great grape strike and the creation of modern unions for farmworkers.

That solution is as valid today as it was 60 years ago.

More Than a Wall / Mas que Un Muro explores the many aspects of the border region through photographs taken by David Bacon over a period of 30 years. These photographs trace the changes in the border wall itself, and the social movements in border communities, factories and fields. This bilingual book provides a reality check, to allow us to see the border region as its people, with their own history of movements for rights and equality, and develop an alternative vision in which the border can be a region where people can live and work in solidarity with each other. – Gaspar Rivera-Salgado
David Bacon has given us, through his beautiful portraits, the plight of the American migrant worker, and the fierce spirit of those who provide an bringto us comfort and sustenance. — Lila Downs

– a book of photographs by David Bacon and oral histories created during 30 years of covering the people and social movements of the Mexico/U.S. border
– a complex, richly textured documentation of a world in newspaper headlines daily, but whose reality, as it’s lived by border residents, is virtually invisible.
– 440 pages
– 354 duotone black-and-white photographs
– a dozen oral histories
–  incisive journalism and analysis by David Bacon, Don Bartletti, Luis Escala, Guillermo Alonso and Alberto del Castillo.
– completely bilingual in English and Spanish
– published by El Colegio de la Frontera Norte with support from the UCLA Institute for Labor Research and Education and the Center for Mexican Studies, the Werner Kohlstamm Family Fund, and the Green Library at Stanford University

Price:  $35 plus postage and handling
To order, click here:  

«The «border» is just a line. It’s the people who matter – their relationships with or without or across that line. The book helps us feel the impact of the border on people living there, and helps us figure out how we talk to each other about it. The germ of the discussion are these wonderful and eye-opening pictures, and the voices that help us understand what these pictures mean.» – JoAnn Intili, director, The Werner-Kohnstamm Family Fund.
Letters and Politics – May 19, 2022
Three Decades of Photographing The Border & Border Communities
Host Mitch Jeserich interviews David Bacon, a photojournalist, author, broadcaster and former labor organizer. He has reported on immigrant and labor issues for decades. His latest book, More Than A Wall, is a collection of his photographs of the border and border communities spanning three decades.
Online Interviews and Presentations
Exploitation or Dignity – What Future for Farmworkers
UCLA Latin American Institute Based on a new report by the Oakland Institute, journalist
and photographer David Bacon documents the systematic abuse of workers in the H-2A program and its impact on the resident farmworker communities, confronted with a race to the bottom in wages and working conditions.

David Bacon on union solidarity with Iraqi oil worker unions
Free City Radio – CKUT 27/10/2021 –
Organizing during COVID, the intrinsic value of the people who grow our food
Sylvia Richardson – Latin Waves Media
How community and union organizers came together to get rights for farm workers during COVID, and how surviving COVID has literally been an act of resistance.
Report Details Slavery-Like Conditions For Immigrant Guest Workers
Rising Up With Sonali Kohatkar

The Right to Remain

Beware of Pity

En Español
Ruben Luengas – #EnContacto
Hablamos con David Bacon de los migrantes y la situación de México frente a los Estados Unidos por ser el principal país de llegada a la frontera de ese país.

Jornaleros agrícolas en EEUU en condiciones más graves por Covid-19: David Bacon
SomosMas99 con Agustin Galo Samario

«Los fotógrafos tomamos partido»
Entrevista por Melina Balcázar Moreno – Milenio.com Laberinto

David Bacon comparte su mirada del trabajo agrícola de migrantes mexicanos en el Museo Archivo de la Fotografia

Online Photography Exhibitions
Documentary Matters –  View from the US 
Social Documentary Network
Four SDN photographers explore themes of racial justice, migration, and #MeToo
There’s More Work to be Done
Housing Assistance Council and National Endowment for the Arts
This exhibition documents the work and impact of the struggle for equitable and affordable housing in rural America, inspired by the work of George “Elfie” Ballis.

Dark Eyes
A beautiful song by Lila Downs honoring essential workers, accompanied by photographs

A video about the Social Justice Photography of David Bacon:

In the FIelds of the North
Online Exhibit
Los Altos History Museum

Virtual Tour – In the Fields of the North
History Museum of Tijuana
Recorrido Virtual de la Exposicion – En los campos del norte
Museo de Historia de Tijuana

The David Bacon Archive exhibition at Stanford Libraries

Exhibited throughout the pandemic in the Cecil H. Green Library at Stanford. The online exhibition (https://exhibits.stanford.edu/bacon), which includes additional content not included in the physical show, is accessible to everyone, and is part of an accessible digital spotlight collection that includes significant images from this body of work. For a catalog: (https://web.stanford.edu/dept/spec_coll/NonVendorPubOrderform2017.pdf)


Photographs and text by David Bacon
University of California Press / Colegio de la Frontera Norte
302 photographs, 450pp, 9”x9”
paperback, $34.95 (in the U.S.)
order the book on the UC Press website:
use source code  16M4197  at checkoutreceive a 30% discount
En Mexico se puede pedir el libro en el sitio de COLEF:

Los Angeles Times reviews In the Fields of the North / En los Campos del Norte – click here
Other Books by David Bacon – Otros Libros

The Right to Stay Home:  How US Policy Drives Mexican Migration  (Beacon Press, 2013)
Illegal People — How Globalization Creates Migration and Criminalizes Immigrants  (Beacon Press, 2008)
Recipient: C.L.R. James Award, best book of 2007-2008

Communities Without Borders (Cornell University/ILR Press, 2006)

The Children of NAFTA, Labor Wars on the U.S./Mexico Border (University of California, 2004)

En Español:  

EL DERECHO A QUEDARSE EN CASA  (Critica – Planeta de Libros)


For more articles and images, see  http://dbacon.igc.org and http://davidbaconrealitycheck.blogspot.com
and https://www.flickr.com/photos/56646659@N05/albums
Copyright © 2022 David Bacon Photographs and Stories, All rights reserved.
you’re on this list because of your interest in david bacon’s photographs and stories
Our mailing address is:
David Bacon Photographs and Storiesaddress on request
Oakland, Ca 94601

THE REALITY CHECK – David Bacon blog

Other Books by David Bacon – Otros Libros

The Right to Stay Home:  How US Policy Drives Mexican Migration  (Beacon Press, 2013)
http://www.beacon.org/productdetails.cfm?PC=2328Illegal People — How Globalization Creates Migration and Criminalizes Immigrants  (Beacon Press, 2008)
Recipient: C.L.R. James Award, best book of 2007-2008
Communities Without Borders (Cornell University/ILR Press, 2006)
The Children of NAFTA, Labor Wars on the U.S./Mexico Border (University of California, 2004)
En Español:
EL DERECHO A QUEDARSE EN CASA  (Critica – Planeta de Libros)
For more articles and images, see  http://dbacon.igc.org and http://davidbaconrealitycheck.blogspot.com
and https://www.flickr.com/photos/56646659@N05/albums
Copyright © 2022 David Bacon Photographs and Stories, All rights
you’re on this list because of your interest in David bacon’s
photographs and stories
Our mailing address is:
David Bacon Photographs and Stories address on request
Oakland, Ca 94601

Add us to your address book
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En: 1 Avisos y Eventos Generales

Boletín del Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (CIO)|20 al 26 de junio |2022.

martes 21 de junio de 2022 por Ana Lara

Recientemente se publicaron los resultados de la beca de educación «2022 Optics and Photonics» que otorga The International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE). Entre los ganadores figura César Guerra Vázquez, estudiante de posgrado del CIO. ¡Enhorabuena a César por este gran logro!

Próximamente se publicará el segundo artículo del Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C. (CIO) que figurará en el portafolio de la revista Nature ( IF: 38.77), dicha publicación es co autoría del Dr. Carmelo Rosales Guzmán, investigador del CIO, en colaboración con investigadores del Reino Unido y de Sudáfrica.

El Dr. Fabián Ambriz, investigador del CIO, colabora con la casa editora “Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)” la cual es una editorial de revistas de investigación científica de acceso abierto, tanto como editor invitado de la revista Coatings, como editor del número especial de Fotónica “Optical and Optoelectronic Materials and Applications”

«Ocupar un puesto de editor en una revista le permite a uno influir en los debates de las áreas de la ciencia que aborda la revista. También le permite al investigador, poner de relieve investigaciones prometedoras y quizás aumentar su propia visibilidad. Esto conlleva una gran responsabilidad y muchas veces una labor amplia» El Dr. Gerardo Flores Colunga, investigador del CIO, nos cuenta su experiencia como editor asociado de la revista «Mathematical Problems in Engineering

EL CIO en colaboración con la Secretaría de Desarrollo Económico (SEDEC) de Aguascalientes, invitan al webinario: «Visión artificial para control de calidad en los procesos», que será impartido por el M.C. Gustavo A. Acevedo Ramírez, Desarrollador de sistemas de visión para control de calidad del CIO Unidad Aguascalientes.

Nuestro curso está dirigido a: tintoreros, supervisores técnicos o ingenieros de proceso (producción y mantenimiento), inspectores e ingenieros de calidad, así como a auditores de calidad.

Informes: direccion.tecnologica@cio.mx

En: 1 Avisos y Eventos Generales

CURSO: Tratamiento de aguas

martes 21 de junio de 2022 por Ana Lara

El  Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales  (IIM), de la  Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), tiene el honor de invitarlos a su curso Tratamiento de aguas, en su  modalidad virtual  a través de la plataforma de ZOOM

¡Los esperamos!

Este curso va dirigido a:

Profesionistas industriales, químicos y ambientales que, además de su formación de base, desean una especialización práctica en la gestión ambiental del agua para poder ampliar sus desempeños laborales.
Personas sin titulación universitaria que, por sus características personales o por su experiencia deseen una formación de calidad en este campo.

ººº Cinco sesiones, 2 horas cada una ººº

Del 07 de Julio al 04 de Agosto

¡Últimos lugares!
¡Inscríbete ahora!

En: 1 Avisos y Eventos Generales

Conferencia mensual Iraís Piñón: Proyecto Enseñanza de las lenguas yumanas como segundas lenguas.

martes 21 de junio de 2022 por Ana Lara

Puede ser una imagen de texto que dice "VOLVER AVERTE PAIPAI CUCAPÁ TICAS CULTURALES CONFERENCIA MENSUAL IRAÍS PIÃÓN CUCAPÁ KILIWA KUMIAI PRACTICAS.CULTURALES CULTURALES KILIWA PROYECTO ENSEÑANZA DE LAS LENGUAS YUMANAS COMO SEGUNDAS LENGUAS KILIWA JUCAPÁ Imparte: Dra. María Guadalupe Tinajero Villavicencio, investigadora del Instituto de Investigación Desarrollo Educativo UABC Jueves 23 de junio, 2022 18 h CENTRO CULTURAL TIJUANA Sala Federico Campbell Entrada libre Paseo de los Héroes 9350, Zona Urbana Río Tijuana TUUANA CULTURA ECRETARÍADE CULTURA Centro Cultural Tijuana fco cecut.gob.mx"

Conferencia mensual Iraís Piñón.

Proyecto Enseñanza de las lenguas yumanas como segundas lenguas.

Materiales didácticos para la enseñanza de las lenguas cucapá, kiliwa, pa ipai y kumiai como segundas lenguas en la educación primaria, desde un enfoque sociocultural.


Dra. María Guadalupe Tinajero Villavicencio,
investigadora del Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo Educativo (IIDE-UABC)

Jueves 23 de junio, 2022
18:00 h
Sala Federico Campbell
Entrada libre

En: 1 Avisos y Eventos Generales